Another Japan in the World

Jun Aruga's blog.

Scaling the Scientific Method

2 challenges related to scaling scientific method

I did read the book Lifespan [1], that is a new detailed inclusive report and history of aging biology.

I see 2 challenges in the process of the science.

First, verifying a hypothesis needs a long time. According to the book - 2nd chapter, the author David Sinclair [2] and his professor Guarente discovered had a hypothesis that is about a root cause of aging: That is like Young => Injured genome => Disturbed Epigenetics => The cell's identify is lost => The cell is old => Disease => Death. Then they discovered one thing to prove their hypothesis by using yeast, and published it on the popular science magazine "Cell" in December 1997. Then they tried to verify the hypothesis by using Mammal's cell for 10 years.

Second, the process to find a chemical molecular that has an ideal structure that is close to a molecular that is not the best in the purpose, can be improved by AI computing. I can not remember where the part is in the book. But in the book, there was a mentioned biologist who remembered a lot of chemical molecular with the structure and characteristics. And the biologist found the best effective chemical closer with the another molecule by their skills. I think this process can be improved by the AI technology.

IBM Research working on the challenges

I see that IBM Research is doing some activities to improve the challenges. For example, according to [3][4][5], this might accelerate the process of "wet work" converting it to "dry work" by automating the process by computing.

The "Science & Technology Outlook 2021" [6] report was published recently at IBM Research website [7]. The "Section Two: Scaling the Scientific Method" of the report is related to the challenges.

There are also interesting articles from IBM Research in World Economic Forum [8].


The best devices/apps 2020

As a 2nd part of my reflection in 2020, I share my best devices or apps I bought in 2020.


Fairphone 3 [1]

When I wanted to buy the battery replaceable phone that users can replace it easily by themselves, this phone attracted me. This phone is also open source app friendly. The Fairphone is an advanced company whose mission is to reduce e-waste. Their business model is unlike other phone companies making users replace new devices. The company provides not only Android but also Alternative OS installed phone. The community is active. People can install a Linux based OS by themselves. The company heard user's opinions.

MinION [2]

I bought the MinION, the world first portable genome sequencing device finally in 2020. Mainly to access to the knowledge base and community. I have not run the device by myself yet. But it's a good investment.


Good Notes 5 [3]

I am using this app on my iPad with a specific pen I bought on I find I might not need to buy the paper notes any more. It's portable. It's a life changer.