Another Japan in the World

Jun Aruga's blog, who lived in Japan, Singapore, live in Czech Republic. Mainly about IT and travel.

Czech lesson - male/female/neutral noun

The Czech noun has male [ten], female [ta], neutral [to]

To je dobrý slovník. : This is a good dictionary.
To je dobrá kniha. : This is a good book.
To je dobré pivo. : This is a good beer.

Male noun: end with consonant. It is described as [TEN]
Female noun: end with "a". It is described as [TA]
Neutral noun: end with "o" or "í". It is described as [TO]

Male/Female Noun list

Regular

Angličan / Angličanka : British person
Američan / Američanka : English person
Němec / Měmka : German
Rus / Ruska : Russian
Čech / Češka : Czech
doktor / doktorka : Doctor
kamarád / kamarádka : Friend
manažer / manažerka : manager
manžei / manželka
milionář / milionářka
manžei / manželka : husband / wife
optimista / optimistka : optimist 楽観主義者
partner / partnerka : partner
pesimista / pesimistka : pessimist
profesor / profesorak : professor
premiér / premiérka : prime minister
prezident / prezidentka : president
ředitel / ředitelka : director
sekretář / sekretářka : secretary
student / studentka : student
učitel / učitelka : teacher
vegetarián / vegetariánka : vegetarian

Irregular

muž, žena : man, woman
pán, pani : Mr/sir, Mrs./madam
přítel, přítelkyně : friend
kolega, kolegyně : colleague
sportovec, sportovkyně : athlete
tatínek, maminka : father, mother

být : be verb

Singular

  1. já jsem ヤイセム Taro. : I am Taro.
  2. ty jsi (jseš) Taro. : You are Taro.
    • on je Taro : He is Taro.
    • ona je Hanako. : She is Hanako.
    • To je auto. : This (it) is a car.

Plural

  1. my jsme : We are
  2. vy jste : You are
    • oni jsou : They (male) are
    • ony jsou : They (female) are
    • ona jsou : They (neutral) are

5W1H

  • Who : Kdo
  • What : Co
  • Where : Kde
  • When : Kdy
  • Why : Proč
  • How : Jak
Remove all ads